Worldwide Server Market Rebounds Sharply in Fourth Quarter as Demand for Blades and x86 Systems Leads the Way, According to IDC
FRAMINGHAM, MA. – February 24, 2010 – According to the International Data Corporation's (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker, factory revenue in the worldwide server market declined 3.9% year over year to $13.0 billion in the fourth quarter of 2009 (4Q09). Although this was the sixth consecutive quarter with a year-over-year revenue decline, it was the second consecutive quarter with sequential quarter-over-quarter revenue growth. Worldwide server shipments increased 1.9% to 1.9 million units in 4Q09 when compared with the year-ago period. For the full year 2009, worldwide server revenue declined 18.9% to $43.2 billion when compared to 2008, while worldwide unit shipments declined 18.6% to 6.6 million units.
On a year-over-year basis, volume systems experienced the sharpest rebound with 9.9% revenue growth. Demand for midrange servers (servers priced $25,000 to $250,000) improved with a year-over-year factory revenue decline of 5.3%. The slowdown extended to the high-end segment where factory revenue declined 23.6% when compared to 4Q08 as several product refresh cycles planned for early 2010 stalled market demand. This is the first time since 3Q08 that all three server segments have not experienced a year-over-year revenue decline in the same quarter, offering further evidence that a recovery is underway.
"Market conditions improved significantly in the fourth quarter as the marketplace transitioned from recent stability to growth in several critical server segments. Customers are actively re-evaluating their IT needs and refreshing their infrastructures, and the fourth quarter represents the beginning of a market inflection," said Matt Eastwood, group vice president of IDC's Enterprise Servers group. "While many customers sat on the sidelines during 2009, significant innovation continued as server vendors prepared for an expanding market opportunity in 2010 and beyond. Optimal conditions for market inflection occur only once a decade and IDC believes that market shares could shift dramatically as the winners and losers of this new market cycle are determined, with those who are best positioned to meet increasingly sophisticated IT needs across the market gaining share."
Overall Server Market Standings, by Vendor
IBM held onto the number 1 spot in the worldwide server systems market with 35.4% market share in factory revenue for 4Q09, as revenue declined 6.5% year over year. Although IBM experienced weakness in its System z mainframe system, demand for x86-based System x servers improved significantly in the quarter. HP held the number 2 spot with 30.5% share for the quarter as revenue increased 0.8% compared to 4Q08. HP was helped by strength in demand for its x86-based ProLiant servers. Dell maintained third place with 11.5% factory revenue market share in 4Q09. Dell experienced 4.5% revenue growth compared with 4Q08 due to strength in demand from enterprise, public sector, and its datacenter solutions customers. Fourth place Sun Microsystems experienced a year-over-year revenue decline of 17.3% in 4Q09 to 8.0% market share while Fujitsu, experienced a 7.2% increase in factory revenue holding 4.6% revenue share in 4Q09.
Top Server Market Findings
* Microsoft Windows server demand was positively impacted by the accelerating x86 server market as hardware revenue increased 13.7% and unit shipments increased 5.5% year over year. Quarterly revenue of $5.4 billion for Windows servers represented 41.6% of overall quarterly factory revenue. This is the highest Windows server hardware revenue in two years.
* Linux server demand also improved in 4Q09 with revenue growing 6.1% to $1.9 billion when compared with the fourth quarter of 2008. Linux servers now represent 14.7% of all server revenue, up 1.4 points over 4Q08.
* Unix servers experienced 18.1% revenue decline year over year when compared with 4Q08 as customers waited for additional detail on the Sun-Oracle server roadmap as well as new IBM POWER7 and HP Integrity servers based on Intel Itanium 9300 processors. Worldwide Unix revenues were $3.9 billion for the quarter, representing 29.9% of quarterly server spending (down from 36.2% of quarterly server spending in 4Q08).
x86 Industry Standard Server Market Dynamics
The x86 server market accelerated sharply in 4Q09, growing 12.6% in the quarter to $7.3 billion worldwide as unit shipments increased 3.8% to 1.9 million servers. Each of the top 5 server vendors experienced positive x86 server revenue growth in the quarter. HP led the market with 39.3% revenue share. Dell retained second place securing 20.3% revenue share while IBM experienced the sharpest growth and now holds 19.6% revenue share – a 3.5 point year-over-year share gain. As a result of a particularly weak first half of the year, worldwide x86 server revenue for 2009 declined 14.6% to $23.7 billion, while worldwide x86 unit shipments decreased 17.8% to 6.4 million units.
"In 2009, x86 servers captured more than 55% of all server revenue and more than 96% of all server units shipped worldwide," said Dan Harrington, research analyst, IDC's Enterprise Server group. "This represents a continuation of the aggressive share gains that x86 technology has enjoyed over the last five years. Interestingly, x86 captured more than 57% revenue share in the fourth quarter of 2009. Because the fourth quarter is typically the strongest quarter for high-end non-x86 systems, this represents a significant shift in trends for the market, as non-x86 servers have never held less than 50% of revenue in the fourth quarter. IDC expects this trend to continue as users became more cost conscious than ever in 2010 and look to x86 servers for relief from capital and operational expenditures.”
Bladed Server Market Shows Strong Shipment and Revenue Growth
The blade market continued to grow in the quarter, reaching a new quarterly revenue high. The segment accelerated sharply with factory revenue increasing 30.9% year over year with shipment growth increasing by 8.3% compared to 4Q08. Overall, bladed servers, including x86, EPIC and RISC blades, accounted for $1.8 billion in the fourth quarter, representing 13.9% of quarterly server market revenue. More than 87% of all blade revenue is driven by x86 systems where blades now represent 21.4% of all x86 server revenue. HP maintained the number 1 spot in the server blade market in 4Q09 with 52.4% revenue share and IBM finished with 28.4% revenue share. IBM significantly outperformed the market with year-over-year revenue growth of 64.1%, gaining 5.7 points of blade market share in the process. For the full year 2009, worldwide blade server revenue grew 2.0% year over year to $5.4 billion, the only major server market segment to experience growth in 2009.
“Blades remained a bright spot in the server vendors’ portfolios," said Jed Scaramella, senior research analyst, IDC's Enterprise Server group. “They were able to grow blade revenue throughout the year while maintaining their average selling prices. Customers recognize the benefits extend beyond consolidation and density, and are leveraging the platform to deliver a dynamic IT environment. Vendors consider blades strategic to their business due to the strong loyalty customers develop for their blade vendor as well as the higher level of pull-through revenue associated with blades.”
Top 5 Corporate Family, Worldwide Server Systems Factory
Revenue,Fourth Quarter of 2009
(Revenues are in Millions)
Vendor Q4 2009Revenue MarketShare Q4 2008Revenue MarketShare RevenueGrowthQ409/Q408
IBM $4,590 35.4% $4,910 36.4% -6.5%
HP $3,950 30.5% $3,920 29.1% 0.8%
Dell $1,489 11.5% $1,425 10.6% 4.5%
Sun $1,032 8.0% $1,247 9.3% -17.3%
Fujitsu $595 4.6% $556 4.1% 7.2%
Others $1,296 10.0% $1,422 10.5% -8.9%
All Vendors $12,952 100% $13,480 100% -3.9%
IDC's Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker, February 2010
Top 5 Corporate Family, Worldwide Server Systems Factory
Revenue, FullYear 2009
(Revenues are in Millions)
Vendor 2009Revenue MarketShare 2008Revenue MarketShare RevenueGrowth2009/2008
IBM $14,191 32.9% $16,937 31.8% -16.2%
HP $12,885 29.9% $15,759 29.6% -18.2%
Dell $5,226 12.1% $6,196 11.6% -15.6%
Sun $3,825 8.9% $5,373 10.1% -28.8%
Fujitsu $2,186 5.1% $2,508 4.7% -12.8%
Others $4,848 11.2% $6,453 12.1% -24.9%
All Vendors $43,162 100% $53,226 100% -18.9%